A history of MUSSON Factory…

MUSSON Factory is a generations-old tradition of affordable housing innovation.

At the time of the American Civil War, Samuel David Robinson was one of the most prolific real estate developers, on the island of Bermuda.  He earned a fortune as a merchant and as the developer of many of the iconic real estate projects that have defined downtown Hamilton, for 150 years.  Robinson invested his wealth in social justice activism, founding the first high school open to black students, The Berkeley Institute.  Berkeley Institute has been the incubator for countless notable alumni and Robinson’s many landmark buildings have been, and are still, home to families and businesses that make up the island’s beautiful fabric.  Robinson’s many accomplishments are historic and chronicled in the Bermuda Archives, by the Bermuda Historical Society.  He accomplished all that, and became a member of the Bermuda Corporation as a black man, at the same time that Lincoln was signing the Emancipation Proclamation in the U.S.

Samuel David Robinson’s sister, Elisa Wilson Robinson, married Thomas Driver Musson.  Their son, Horace Francis Leopold Musson, founded MUSSON Factory in 1902.  The business was officially a machine shop,; but, unofficially, Musson repaired all sorts of machines (big and small), consulted engineering solutions to international clients, and invented novel tools to solve impossible problems.  One of those tools is called the stonecutter, which is universally credited to have transformed the construction industry in Bermuda.  Prior to the stonecutter, buildings were mostly constructed of stones, hand-cut from the earth with long saws, drawn by two people.  The stonecutter mechanized the process, lowering the cost of and speeding the production of stone blocks.  Building blocks, made quickly, of consistent quality, and at lower cost, had the effect of simplifying construction supply chain management on the island and making affordable housing available to lower-income buyers and renters as a permanent correction to the fair market (FMV) housing allocations in Bermuda.

Horace Musson’s son, Cyril David Musson, worked in his father’s shop from childhood until he left the island to study physics and then mechanical engineering, building upon what he learned under his father, the master engineer.  Cyril — an inventor, like his father — passes on the Musson spirit of socially conscious innovation to his son, Dr. Brent Musson, who embodies the legacy of his father Cyril, his grandfather Horace, and his great-granduncle Samuel David Musson.

In the 21st century, MUSSON Factory is the consulting practice that serves local, state, and federal government in the pursuit of policies that encourage modern methods (modular, panelized, offsite, industrialized) of construction as a strategy to address the affordable housing crisis and the need to house the unsheltered.



A 3-headed chimera

0% Percent of Americans that are rent-burdened Source: Pew Research Center
$0 Average rent in the U.S. Source: CNBC
0 million Estimated number of units short in the U.S. Source: New York Times

Our Team

Dr. Brent Musson

Dr Brent Musson

Policy and Regulation

Doctor of Law & Policy, MSc, PMP, licensed: General Contractor, Real Estate Broker, Lean Six Sigma Green Belt, college professor, and keynote speaker

Richard Prantis

Richard Prantis


The most prolific architect, designing modular multifamily housing in Southern California.

Jessica Mack

Jessica Mack

Energy Efficiency, Green Construction

Leading energy-efficiency expert, former group lead at Southern California Edison, Savings by Design expert

Duane Montgomery

Duane Montgomery

Real Estate Law

Partner at one of the leading real estate development law firms in North America.

Baxter Slaton

Baxter Slaton

International Development

Managing Director of a leading real estate developer, building housing, institutional, and destination retail across West Africa.

Kenny Hall

Kenny Hall

Module Logistics and Assembly

Former Project Lead at the top offsite/modular setting operation in the western United States. Has supervised the setting of tens of thousands of modules.

Craig Mitchell

Craig Mitchell

Modular Construction Process

Principal - BlackBox Offsite Solutions & Offsite / Modular Construction Enthusiast


Observations and discussions about global and local issues…


How to get in touch…

Our Address
65 Pine Ave., #129
Long Beach, CA 90802